basic information

Eastern Orphean Warbler

Sylvia hortensis (J.F.Gmelin, 1789)

Певчая славка | Сайрағыш сандуғаш

Beriktas village, Almaty region
© Vassiliy Fedorenko


Breed in Western Tien Shan (Karzhantau, Ugam and Pskem ridges, Talasskiy Alatau) and in Karatau. Recent years the breeding range expanded to east, broods were recorded near Akterek and in Boguty mountains (July 2002), in Chulak mountains, in spurs of Dzhungar Alatau, and northern foothills of Tarbagatay. On migration rarely occurs near Kanshengel (12 May 2002) and at Chokpak Pass (12 May 1972 and 14-16 May 1968).


Common breeding migrant. Inhabits the bushes on gentle slopes, the deciduous and juniper light forests with bushes, and the hedges of mountain villages, at altitudes 1000-2200 m. On migration very rare occurs in foothills. Appears in end of April – early May; latest migrants observed in mid-May. Breeds in separate pairs at distance 50-70 m one from another. Nest is located in bush (juniper, honeysuckle, meadow-sweet, almond-tree, dog-rose) at height 0.3-3.5 m above the ground; for 4-5 days nest is built by both partners from bast-strips, grass stems and is lined with thin honeysuckle bast-strips. Clutch of 3-5 eggs is laid in mid-May to early July. Both parents incubate clutch for 11-12 days, and feed offspring which fledges at age 11 days old, in end of June - July. Autumn migration begins in early August, latest birds recorded in early-mid September.


Sylvia hortensis crassirostris (Cretzschmar, 1829)


Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. Рябицев В. К., Ковшарь А. Ф., Ковшарь В. А., Березовиков Н. Н. «Полевой определитель птиц Казахстана», Алматы, 2014.



Sylvia hortensis crassirostris
(Cretzschmar, 1829)

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Леонид Ишков: Вопрос к профессионалам. Может ли быть, что это все три вида наших лебедей в одной стае?


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Alexandr Mesiats: Да, безусловно, согласен с Вами, но следует ли из этого, что чернушке, как "скальнику" (и практически "чистому" синатропу) легче приспособится [....]

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