basic information

Eurasian Three-Toed Woodpecker

Picoides tridactylus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Трехпалый дятел | Үшсаусақты тоқылдақ

Chernaya Uba river, Eastern Kazakhstan.
© Askar Isabekov


Lives in mountain forests of Eastern and South-Eastern Kazakhstan. Please see the detailed distribution in Kazakhstan in the section Subspecies.


Rare resident. Inhabits the coniferous (spruce, fir, larch or cedar), rarer mixed forests with dead woods; on Altai up to 1700 m, in Tien Shan between 1500 and 2600 m. Breeds in separate pairs, nest is located in tree holes (spruce, larch) at height up to 20 m above ground. Clutch of 3-5 eggs is laid in May. Both parents incubate clutch (male has a brood patch) and feed juveniles which fledge in July (but nest with nestlings recorded 26 August 1937). Three-toed Woodpecker not disperses in foothills, far from the breeding sites.


Picoides tridactylus tridactylus (Linnaeus, 1758)

    Description. Lighter than tianschanicus. White on mantle is more developed than tianschanicus. Black ‘moustache’, black streaks on breast-flanks and black cross-pattern on belly-flanks are less expressed than tianschanicus; outer tail feathers have more expressed black pattern than in tianschanicus.
    Distribution. Lives in Tran-Irtysh area near Semipalatinsk, South-West Altai and Saur ridge.

Picoides tridactylus tianschanicus (Buturlin, 1907)

    Description. Darker than tridactylus. White on mantle is less developed than in tridactylus. Black ‘moustache’, black streaks on breast-flanks and black cross-pattern on belly-flanks are more expressed than tridactylus; outer tail feathers have more expressed white pattern than in tridactylus.
    Distribution. Lives in Tien Shan and Dzhungar Alatau.


"Птицы Казахстана" том 3. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1970. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005.



Picoides tridactylus tridactylus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Picoides tridactylus tianschanicus
(Buturlin, 1907)

go to family:

in other projects

Birds of Belarus

Birds of Far East Russia

Birds of Northern Eurasia

Birds of Russia

Birds of Europaean part of Russia

Birds of Siberia

Birds of Tyumen Oblast

Birds of Ukraine

Birds of Xinjiang

unidentified birds


Федор Карпов: это черноголовый чекан


Федор Карпов: это просянка


Анна Ясько: [....]

more unidentified birds...