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found 23 new species for Kazakhstan

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new species for Kazakhstan found by project participants

23. Great Black-backed Gull

Larus marinus

© Qanatbek Kenzhegulov | 2021-03-01 | Aktau

The first reliable record of the Great Black-backed Gull on the territory of Kazakhstan. There are indications of finds of this gull in the Caspian Sea between the mouths of the Volga and the Urals, as well as near Omsk (Dolgushin 1962). Vagrant are known to the Makhachkala region (Tatarinkova 1970).


22. Zarudny's Sparrow

Passer zarudnyi

© Svetlana Baskakova | 2020-10-25 | Kyzylorda oblast, Kyzylkum desert.

A new species for the fauna of Kazakhstan. The Passer simplex zarudnyi lives in the Karakum Desert and the southern part of the Kyzylkum Desert (Stepanyan 1990). This is the first find in the northern part of Kyzylkum!


21. Caucasian Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus lorenzii

© Gennadiy Dyakin | 2018-05-08 | Fakel, Mangistau region

A new species for Kazakhstan. The habitat of Phylloscopus lorenzii covers Turkey, the Caucasus, Transcaucasia and northern Iran.


20. Grey-headed Lapwing

Microsarcops cinereus

© Ivan Bevza | 2020-09-09 | lowerTurgen river, Almaty oblast.

first record in Kazakhstan


19. Yellow-browed Bunting

Ocyris chrysophrys

© Askar Isabekov | 2019-09-21 | Kanshengel. Almaty oblast.

First record of Yellow-browed Bunting in Kazakhstan.


18. Ashy Drongo

Dicrurus leucophaeus

© Alexandr Fedulin | 2019-06-12 | Korgalzhyn, Akmola oblast.

New species for Kazakhstan.


17. Pale Rock-Finch

Carpospiza brachydactyla

© Alexandr Belyaev | 2018-05-09 | Mangistauskaja obl., vpadina Karagie

New species for Kazakhstan. The closest breeding spots are located in Turkmenistan, at a distance about 600 km (Stepanyan, 2003). Also recorded in areas near southern cliff of Ustyurt (Mischenko, Scherbak, 1980; Bukreev, 1997), 400 km in south of this record. In the western coast of Caspian Sea Pale Rock-Finch lives in NE Dagestan (400 km in west direction, behind the sea). It should also be noted that Sergei Bukreev (2000) found birds with territotial behavior in Baskunchak lake (48˚N) near Kazakhstan-Russia border; this record is much more north than Caucasus and Mangyshlak (43˚-44˚N), about 600 km to NW.


16. Eyebrowed Thrush

Turdus obscurus

© Anna Yasko | 2017-10-02 | Aktau, Mangystau region

The new species of the fauna of Kazakhstan. Eyebrowed Thrush is distributed from the east of Western Siberia (approximately to the line of Tomsk) to the Pacific Ocean. Vagrants were recorded in Western Europe.


15. Masked Shrike

Lanius nubicus

© Mark Pestov | 2017-05-13 | Southern Ustyurt

The second record of this species in Kazakhstan. Two birds were observed on trees near the railway junction Taigyr in the Karakiyan district of Mangystau region. In the latest research of birds of Mangyshlak, Ustyurt and Peninsula Buzachi B.M. Gubin (2015) mentions the records of 31th August and 8th September 2010, when Patrick Palmen took the photos of the female bird in Fetisovo village.
The new record was at breeding season, so these two birds could be a sign to the breeding in the region (O. Belyalov, oral report). This record complements the present knowledge and indicates to the pronounced tendency of expansion the breeding range of species which was recorded in recent years in this areas where it wasn’t observed before (Koblik, Arkhipov, 2014). During the Soviet period only one record of this species was known, at April 15th, 1952 in Turkmenistan (Dementyev, 1954). Now vagrant birds were registered in Moldova, Ukraine, Armenia and Russia (Krasnodarsky Krai), but the potential breeding sites are expected for Turkmenistan (Koblik, Arkhipov, 2014).


14. Black-faced Bunting

Ocyris spodocephalus

© Natalya Borovaya | 2017-06-27 | poselie Black Uba, VKO

This is the first record for more than 80 years. Only a single record is known at wintering in the Zaisan hollow (Zalesskie, 1931), N.A. Zarudnyi got the vagrants on April 6, 1912 and October 25, 1913 near Tashkent. From the main list of ornithofauna this species was excluded in 2005 by E.I Gavrilov (Gavrilov E., Gavrilov A., 2005) due to the lack of records for a long period.
Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan", Almaty, 2005


13. Harlequin Duck

Histrionicus histrionicus

© Askar Isabekov | 2016-12-18 | Ust-Kamenogorsk. Strelka.

First reliable record of Harlequine Duck in Kazakhstan. There is only note of E.A.Eversmann (1866) about winter records in the lakes of southern steppes, but this record is too unclear. Near the borders of Kazakhstan recorded only at Nezhinka village near Orenburg where male duck was shot by N.A.Zarudny (1888). Both records related to the second half of XIX centure.


12. Ring-billed Gull

Larus delawarensis

© Anna Yasko | 2016-12-03 | Aktau, Mangystau

This is a new species for Kazakhstan and Central Asia. Ring-billed Gull inhabits in Northern America, but annually vagrant birds recorded in Western Europe and rarer observed in Central and Northern Europe. This is the first record of this bird in Caspian Sea coast. Probably the same bird was photographed in flock with Common Gulls (Larus canus) in the same place 7th of January and 5th of November 2015 (Yasko, www.birds.kz) but was identified only recently.


11. Naumann's Thrush

Turdus naumanni

© Ivan Bevza | 2016-11-05 | Almaty region

The first recors of Naumann's Thrush in Kazakhstan.


10. Vega (Mongolian) Gull

Larus (vegae) mongolicus

© Natali Kim | 2015-09-17 | VKO, Ust-Kamenogorsk

The second record of the Mongolian Gull in Kazakhstan. Previously juvenile bird was photographed 25th of October in Ust-Kamenogorsk (A.Feldman, www.birds.kz).


9. Lesser Flamingo

Phoeniconaias minor

© Steve Klasan | 2015-09-08 | NE Bay of Maly Tengiz

New species for Kazakhstan. Two adult birds were observed in the NE bay of Tengiz lake together with Greater Flamingo. 10 of September these birds were recorded by R.Urazaliev too. Afterwards, Ruslan Urazaliev watching the video shot by Alena Shmalenko (Koshkina) of June 14, 2009 in a large number of Greater Flamingos found a bird, whose size and coloring did not leave any doubts that it was a Lesser Flamingo. Thus, the record in 2009 became the first documented evidence. This is third record for all former USSR area. The first record of Lesser Flamingo was at 3rd of August 2007 in Limanskoe, Odesskaya oblast, Ukraine (Rednikov K.A.). The main breeding range of this species is located in eastern regions of Equatorial Africa in the salt lakes of Kenia and Tanzania. Also there are some colonies in the coast of Persian Gulf, and in Sambhar lake in Indian state Radjastan. The closest breeding spots are located at 3500 km to south from the record in Kazakhstan. It’s interesting that this species mostly feeds the Cyanobacteria and Diatom plants, unlike of breeding in Tengiz lake Greater Flamongo (Phoenicopterus roseus) which feeds mostly by Artemia salina.
Уразалиев Р.С. Малый фламинго Phoenicopterus minor Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1798 - новый вид в фауне Казахстана // Орнитологический вестник Казахстана и Средней Азии. Вып. 4. Алматы: МОО - СОПК, 2017. С. 311.


8. Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator

© Anna Yasko | 2015-05-03 | Aktau

New species for Kazakhstan. Recorded bird is related to L.s.niloticus subspecies. Closest breeding spots are located in the south and west coast of Caspian Sea. Isolated populations found in Baku vicinity (40˚25΄N, Panov, 2008) and Dagestan (43˚00΄N, Bukreev, Dzhamirzoev), in the almost same latitude with Aktau (43˚40΄N). The closest record in the east coast of caspian Sea is record of couple in Turkmenistan, Kurendag mountains (Mischenko, Scherbak, 1980), about 400 to south from Aktau. This vagrant bird could indicate to the extending of breeding range, which probably present in the west coast of Caspian Sea.


7. Herring Gull

Larus argentatus

© Alexandr Katuncev | 2014-12-09 | Баутино-Форт-Шевченко

First reliable record of Herring Gull for Kazakhstan confirmed by photos, considering the new status of different forms of former subspecies of Larus argentatus sensu lato.


6. Long-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus scolopaceus

© Vassiliy Fedorenko | 2014-09-07 | Small Sorbulak lakes, Almaty region

The first reliable record of Long-billed Dowitcher in Kazakhstan. This species nests in tundra zone of Chukotka and Yakutia. Known only several records in the inside of continent: in spring migration of 1972 in Baikal lake (Durnev etc, 1996); 21-22 of September in vicinity of Sahyurte village, Maloe More (Pyzhyanov, 1989); 26 of September young male was shot in fish factory Filippovka, Kirovo-Chepetzky region, Kirovskaya oblast (Sotnikov, 2009); from 22 to 29 of September of 2011 juvenile bird was observed in taiga zone of NE Trans-Baikal area in Charskaya depression, in the edge of Chara village (Goroshko, 2014).


5. Blyth's Rosefinch

Carpodacus grandis kotschubeii

© Andrey Kovalenko | 2014-02-09 | South Kazakstan area. Zhabagly.

New species of fauna of Kazakhstan. First birds were shot in Zhabagly (Southern Kazakhstan) at January 12 2014 by E.Belousov. In same place at 8-9 of February A.Isabekov, A.Kovalenko and V.Fedorenko also photographed these birds. Previously known in localities of Uzbekistan bordered to Kazakhstan territory, nests in Ugam and Pskem ridges.


4. Japanese Waxwing

Bombycilla japonica

© Denis Afanasiev | 2013-01-03 | Almaty. Observatory.

Japanese Waxwing was caught by Denis Astafiev at January 3rd 2013 in the apple garden in foothills of Ile Alatau. New species for Kazakhstan.


3. White-capped Redstart

Chaimarrornis leucocephalus

© Gennadiy Dyakin | 2008-09-08 | Almarasan gorge, Ile Alatau National Park

The first observation in Kazakhstan. Gennady Dyakin observed one bird in the gorge Almarasan.


2. Indian Pond Heron

Ardeola grayii

© Andrey Kovalenko | 2009-07-16 | Sorbulak lake, Almaty oblast

The first record of Indian Pond Heron in Kazakhstan. Observed in Lake Sorbulak by Gennady Dyakin and Andrei Kovalenko.


1. Plumbeous Water Redstart

Rhyacornis fuliginosus

© Gabor Papp | 2011-06-09 | Ayagoz river, Aktogay vicinity, Ayagoz region, East Kazakhstan oblast

First record of Plumbeous Water Redstart for Kazakhstan, bird was observed by Gabor Papp at June 09, 2011 on the Ayagoz river, close to Aktogai station, East Kazakhstan Oblast.


rare birds records


White-winged Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus)

© Vladimir Vorobyov
2022-06-03
VKO Katon-Karagay

A new species for the Katon-Karagai National Park. A flock of 12 birds was recorded on May 20, 2022 in the floodplain of the middle reaches of the Bukhtarma in the Taylakova Yama tract, one bird on May 27, 2022 in the valley of the middle reaches of the Kara-Kaba on Lake Shoptykol, on June 3, 2022 in the Karazher tract, June 6 on the lake Yazevoe. Воробьёв В.М. 2022. Встреча белокрылой крачки Chlidonias leucopterus в среднем течении реки Бухтармы на Южном Алтае // Рус. орнитол. журн. 31 (2191): 2376-2379.


Great Snipe (Gallinago media)

© Martin Grienenberger
2022-04-21
Betpak Dala

The first record of the Great Snipe in Kazakhstan, after more than 30 years, confirmed by photography. The last record of this species dates back to 1987, when on May 7 a migrating Great Snipe was caught in the Tentek delta (Khrokov et al. 1993).


Ural Owl (Strix uralensis)

© Yuriy Malkov
2022-06-04
karabalik

The first nesting record in the Kostanay region. It is known that the Ural Owl breeds in the South-Western Altai and Kalba, there is also evidence of nesting in the North Kazakhstan region (Zuban, Kalashnikov 2017) and in the East Kazakhstan region in forests north of Semey (Karpov, Levin 2005). In the Kostanay region, this species was occasionally found only during wintering (A.Yu. Timoshenko, G.Yu. Timoshenko 2021, Yu. Malkov, birds.kz).


Trumpeter Finch (Bucanetes githagineus)

© Fedor Shakula
2022-05-13
The second record of the species on the territory of Kazakhstan. Observed by a group of 6 ornithologists on the eastern coast of the Aral Sea on May 11-12, 2022 and on the northern coast on May 12-13, 2022, where, according to S. Baskakova, it was especially numerous - several males singing at the same time on clayey chinks. For the first time this species was recorded on May 9, 2018 in Mangistau in the Karagie depression near the Ashibulak spring (see the site gallery).

The northernmost record of the Trumpeter Finch on the territory of Kazakhstan. A few more southern records are known: on the territory of Mangystau, on artesians near the village of Kanshengel, both in nesting and non-nesting time. According to unpublished data, one birds was observed on May 13, 2021 on artesians in western Betpakdala by Svetlana Baskakova and Nicolas Moulin. Also recently, in the Turkestan region in the Karaktau mountains in the eastern part of the Kyzylkum desert, on May 9-10, 2021, two pairs of the Trumpeter Finch and an unfinished nest, subsequently abandoned, were found (Fedorenko, 2022).

more rarities...

recent video

2022-06-28. Common Whitethroat (Raouf Bairashev).

2022-06-17. Common Rosefinch (Aliya Halliday).

2022-06-16. Black-headed Wagtail (Aliya Halliday), Black-headed Wagtail (Aliya Halliday), White Wagtail (Aliya Halliday).

2022-06-15. Himalayan Rubythroat (Viktoriya Zvyaginceva).

2022-06-10. Hoopoe (Aldiyar Saparbayev).

2022-06-09. Eurasian Goldfinch (Aliya Halliday).

2022-03-21. Common Treecreeper (Viktoriya Zvyaginceva).

2022-03-12. Black-Billed Magpie (Raouf Bairashev).

2022-02-19. Great Spotted Woodpecker (Viktoriya Zvyaginceva).

2022-01-30. Goldcrest (Viktoriya Zvyaginceva).

2022-01-27. Grey Partridge (Aldiyar Saparbayev).

2021-12-19. White-browed Tit-Warbler (Viktoriya Zvyaginceva).

2021-12-17. Ring-billed Gull (Anna Yasko).

more video...

unidentified birds


2022-07-02

Анна Ясько: Вероятно, южная бормотушка.

2022-07-02

Анна Ясько: Тусклая пеночка.

2022-07-02

Анна Ясько: Может быть, молодой чекан черноголовый или может варакушка. Но уверенно по данному фото не могу сказать.

more unidentified birds...