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Shikra

Accipiter badius (Gmelin, 1788)

Туркестанский тювик | Мықи
male

2007-06-17
Bura, Balkhash region, Alma Ata oblast
© Askar Isabekov

Distribution

Nests in Syrdarya, Ile, Karatal and probably Lepsy valleys. The nest with eggs was found 15 June 1972 in lower reaches of Tentek river. Occurs on migration in southern and south-eastern Kazakhstan.

Biology

Rare breeding migrant. Inhabits the deserts riparian forests with the clearings and shrubs. Appears late, in mid - end April. Latest birds recorded in first decade of May at Chokpak Pass. Nest is built in russian olive, elm, asiatic poplar or apricot tree at 2.5-12 m above the ground; nest is from dry twigs, is lined with dry leaves and bark. Clutches of 2-7 (usually 3-4) eggs is in second half of May - early June, but repeated clutches were recorded in early August. Both parents incubate for 30-35 days from the laying of the first egg; mainly the female incubates, the male feeds it. Both parents feed juveniles, which fledge in mid-end July. Autumn migration begins in mid-August; most birds migrate in end August – early September. At Chokpak Pass, latest Shikra was caught 20 October 1988.

Subspecies

Accipiter badius cenchroides (Severtzov, 1873)

References

Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005.
Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. "Жизь Животных" том 5. Птицы. Москва. "Просвещение", 1970. "Птицы Казахстана" том 2. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1962.

supplement

subspecies

Accipiter badius cenchroides
(Severtzov, 1873)

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