Kim-Asar gorge, Ile Alatau National Park
© Askar Isabekov
Lives in the Eurasian taiga forests and spruce forests of Tien Shan. In Kazakhstan breeds in Altai, Dzhungar Alatau and ridges of Northern Tien Shan. Please see detailed distribution in the section Subspecies.
Common, in places rare, resident. Inhabits mountain cedar and spruce forests at altitudes 1700-2700 m in Tien Shan and 900-2200 m in Altai. During non-breeding seasons wanders quite widely and occurs in the deciduous forest, groves and gardens and exceptionally in the clay deserts with scattered bushes. Breeding in separate pairs. Nest is built in a tree (spruce, cedar, larch) at height 1-8 m above the ground; nest is from the dry twigs, lichen and willow bast and is lined with dry grass, plant fluff and some hair and feathers. Clutch of 3-4, rare up to 7, eggs is laid probably in end April – May. Both parents incubate clutch for about 20 days and feed juveniles, which fledge in mid – end June. Most of the year stays singly or in loose groups. In case of crop failure of cones of coniferous species which are the main food to Nutcrackers, the birds of subspecies macrorhynchos wanders wide to west and south in mid September - October, but such behaviour was not recorded for birds of subspecies rothschildi.
|Nucifraga caryocatactes rothschildi (Hartert, 1903)|
|Nucifraga caryocatactes macrorhynchos (C.L.Brehm, 1823)|
Description. Bill is longer and more slender; upperparts background color is paler, less blackish-brown; the white terminal band on tail feathers is broader than in rothschildi.
Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. В.К.Рябицев. "Птицы Урала, Приуралья и Западной Сибири". Екатеринбург. Изд-во Уральского университета, 2000.
go to family:
1. Isabekov Askar (279)
2. Belyaev Alexandr (267)
3. Gubin Boris (243)
4. Dyakin Gennadiy (217)
5. Yasko Anna (183)
6. Katuncev Alexandr (165)
7. Vorobyov Vladimir (158)
8. Golubeva Anna (150)
9. Malkov Yuriy (140)
10. Andrussenko Konstantin (132)