basic information

Pine Grosbeak

Pinicola enucleator (Linnaeus, 1758)

Щур | Орман қызылқұнағы

East Kazakhstan, West Altay
© Gennadiy Dyakin


Inhabits South-Western Altai, probably, winters in Trans-Ural area. Please see detailed distribution in the section "Subspecies".


Very rare resident. Inhabits cedar and cedar-fir forest, pure or with some spruce and deciduous trees at 1600-2000 m. Breeding in separate pairs. Singing male heard in early July. Nest is built in tree (spruce or cedar) at 2-4 m above ground from thin twigs, rootlets and dry grass with admixture of moss and lichen. Clutches of 3-4 eggs found in mid-June - early July. Nest with eggs found 16 June 1998, 1 July 1974 and 5 July 1998, with small juveniles 2 July 1975, and with feathered juveniles 15 July 1976 and 25 June 1998. Vagrants on plains observed in February, March, April, October and November.


Pinicola enucleator enucleator (Linnaeus, 1758)

    Description. Bill longer, more stout and and narrower at base than kamtschatkensis.
    Distribution. Probably vagrant birds of this subspecies observed in Orenburg in 1888 (recorded from 3 November during two weeks, in flocks up to 70 birds) and obtained near Ural'sk 22 November.

Pinicola enucleator kamtschatkensis (Dybowski, 1883)

    Description. Bill shorter, less stout and wider at base than nominate race.
    Distribution. Breeding and wintering in Southwest Altai, where occurs on Lineyskiy, Ivanovskiy, Kholzunskiy and Altaiskiy Tarbagatay ridges. Vagrants recorded 31 October 1948, 9 birds, 24-25 February and 20 March 1959 in Karaganda and 12 April 1907 in Almaty.


Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. В.К.Рябицев. "Птицы Урала, Приуралья и Западной Сибири". Екатеринбург. Изд-во Уральского университета, 2000.



Pinicola enucleator enucleator
(Linnaeus, 1758)
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Pinicola enucleator kamtschatkensis
(Dybowski, 1883)
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