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Yellow-breasted Bunting

Emberiza aureola (Pallas, 1773)

Дубровник | Еменшіл сұлыкеш
male

2016-06-16
VKO Katon-Karagay
© Vladimir Vorobyov

Distribution

Breeds in Western Altai and its foothills, on Irtysh river from Ust-Kamenogorsk down to Semipalatinsk, in Pavlodarskoye Trans-Irtysh area; in upper reaches of Bukhtarma river and on Markakol lake. Lives in Northern Kazakhstan, south up to Kokchetav and Kustanay. In Naurzum Reserve one male observed in June 2001 repeatedly. Not breeds in middle current of Ural valley and in lower reaches of Ilek river. The nearest breeding in Ural valley situated 20 km to south-east of Orenburg. On migration occasionally occurs in Zaysan depression, Kurgaldzhino Reserve and in Alakol lake.

Biology

Formerly common, now rare breeding migrant. Inhabits the high grass meadows with bush patches on river valleys and coast of mountain lakes, tussock and sedge marshes with bushes and rare birches on plains, and on river valleys is going up to 1450 m. Appears in late April – early May by day in small flocks, latest migrant observed 23 May 1959 in Kaindinsky pine-grove. Nest is built by female with some help of male on ground or in sedge tussock at 15-20 cm above ground, and concealed by grass very well, for 3-4 days from dry grass stems and leaves and lined with soft grass, roots and hairs. Clutches of 4-5, rarely 6 eggs found in end May – end June. Mainly female incubates with some help of male for 13 days. Both parents feed juveniles, which fledge in July at 13-14 days old. Autumn migration is going to the east. Ural valley leave in end July – early August, Markakol lake in August, latest observed here 26 August 1980. At Alakol lake young female collected 12 September 1987.

Subspecies

Emberiza aureola aureola (Pallas, 1773)

References

Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. В.К.Рябицев. "Птицы Урала, Приуралья и Западной Сибири". Екатеринбург. Изд-во Уральского университета, 2000.

supplement

subspecies

Emberiza aureola aureola
(Pallas, 1773)

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Emberizidae

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