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Tichodroma muraria (Linnaeus, 1766)

Краснокрылый стенолаз | Жарқұс

Cosmostation, Big Almaty Lake, Ile Alatau National Park
© Ilya Ukolov


Breeds in upper reaches of Pskem and Chatkal rivers near Chimgan, in some points of Talasskiy Alatau, probably in Kirgizskiy Alatau too (no datas). Lives also in Zailiyskiy Alatau and Ketmen ridges, in Dzhungarskiy Alatau (at Dzharkent and upper course of Karatal river) and in Saur. On dispersal and in winter it comes down to Almaty, northern foothills of Dzhungarsky Alatau, Malay Sary, Chu-Iliyskiye Mts., Chimkent and Arys.


Rare resident. Inhabits rocky gorges with cliffs at altitudes 2800-3500 m, but during dispersal visits foothills (Almaty) and low dry mountains with rocks or clay precipices on plains. The wandering route can move away up to 250-500 km from the breeding place. In December 18-21, 2003 18 birds recorded on clay precipices of Chardara reservoir. Pairs are formed in April. Nest is located in cracks of vertical cliffs at height to 100 m above the cliff’s bottom and at a depth of 0.5 – 1 m from entrance; nest is built from moss, dry grass and hair and is lined with plenty of hair and feathers. Clutch of 2-5 eggs is laid in June – July. Female incubates clutch, male feed her. Both parents feed juveniles which fledge in mid-July – early August. Brood breaks up after a short time, and most of the year birds occur singly. Autumn dispersal begins in end of September – October; birds live outside the breeding places up to March.


"Птицы Казахстана" том 4. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1972. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005.


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