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Isabelline Shrike

Lanius isabellinus (Hemprich et Ehrenberg, 1833)

Буланый жулан | Қашғар тағанағы
male

2014-04-20
Kurty river, Almaty region
© Vassiliy Fedorenko

Description

The adult male of Isabelline Shrike has grayish-clayey crown, nape and mantle; the forehead is yellowish-buffy, the ear coverts are black, the narrow strip under eye and spot before eye are black, the spot behind eye is white. The flight feathers are brownish with buffy edges, but bases of the primaries are buffy-white and form the little speculum some hidden by the wing coverts. The uppertail is rufous; tail is rufous brownish tinged on the end. The throat, breast and flanks are pale-buffy. The adult female is almost same the male, but generally paler above, underparts are off-white buffy tinged; the dark spots on head-sides are brownish not black; the spot over the eye is whitish-buffy not white. The bill is dark-brownish lighted on the low mandible base. Legs are brownish, eyes are brown. Juveniles in first plumage are mottled. There are brownish scaly pattern on the head and uppertail, the wing coverts are with pale centers, brownish terminal strips and pale edges. The flight feathers have brown pale buffy edges. The throat is off-white; the neck-sides, breast, abdomen and flanks have brownish scaly pattern on the dirty-whitish-buffy background. The speculum on the wing is absent. In autumn after the molting the juveniles are plain clayey above and pale-buffy below, the speculum is usually invisible. Sizes: males – wing 85-93, tail 78-92; females – wing 85-94, tail 80-86 mm. Weight 26-33.5 grams.

Distribution

Earlier the Isabelline Shrike was passage migrant only, recorded in southern and southeastern Kazakhstan, north to the Chu valley, Ile delta and in Ile-Karatal region.Broods found 20 July and 1 August 1999 at Tekes and Shalkudysu rivers, in early August 2004 at Tekes reservoir. Probably, they originate from China, as Turkestan Shrike numbers diminish.

Biology

The Isabelline Shrike is a rarely breeding, in some areas common breeding migrant. Inhabits saxaul forests with clearings, riparian forest edges, thickets, reed beds and forest belts. Arrives early, before other shrikes, in mid February to early March in single or in loose groups of 3-5 birds. Latest observed in mid to end of April. Broods recorded in late July to early August. Autumn migrants observed after other shrikes from mid September to second half of October.

Subspecies

Lanius isabellinus isabellinus (Hemprich et Ehrenberg, 1833)

    Description. Upperparts are plain greyish-sandy, underparts are white with sandy-wine tinge. Tail feathers are lighter than in speculigerus. In general, the tone color of upperparts is as bright as that of speculigerus, but more sandy, less greyish.
    Distribution. Broods found 20 July and 1 August 1999 at Tekes and Shalkudysu rivers, in early August 2004 at Tekes reservoir. On migration occurs in Southern and South-Eastern Kazakhstan, in north to the Chu valley, Ile delta and in Ile-Karatal region.

Lanius isabellinus speculigerus (Taczanowski, 1874)

    Description. The upperparts are plain grey, sometimes brownish tinged. Underparts are white sand-wine tinged. Tail feathers are darker than in isabellinus.
    Distribution. Occurs on migration in Eastern and South-Eastern Kazakhstan.

References

"Птицы Казахстана" том 3. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1970. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999.

supplement

subspecies

Lanius isabellinus isabellinus
(Hemprich et Ehrenberg, 1833)
information gallery
Lanius isabellinus speculigerus
(Taczanowski, 1874)
information gallery

other names

Рыжехвостый жулан, кашгарский жулан.

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Laniidae

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