basic information

Eurasian Three-Toed Woodpecker

Picoides tridactylus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Трехпалый дятел | Үшсаусақты тоқылдақ

Chernaya Uba river, Eastern Kazakhstan.
© Askar Isabekov


Lives in mountain forests of Eastern and South-Eastern Kazakhstan. Please see the detailed distribution in Kazakhstan in the section Subspecies.


Rare resident. Inhabits the coniferous (spruce, fir, larch or cedar), rarer mixed forests with dead woods; on Altai up to 1700 m, in Tien Shan between 1500 and 2600 m. Breeds in separate pairs, nest is located in tree holes (spruce, larch) at height up to 20 m above ground. Clutch of 3-5 eggs is laid in May. Both parents incubate clutch (male has a brood patch) and feed juveniles which fledge in July (but nest with nestlings recorded 26 August 1937). Three-toed Woodpecker not disperses in foothills, far from the breeding sites.


Picoides tridactylus tridactylus (Linnaeus, 1758)

    Description. Lighter than tianschanicus. White on mantle is more developed than tianschanicus. Black ‘moustache’, black streaks on breast-flanks and black cross-pattern on belly-flanks are less expressed than tianschanicus; outer tail feathers have more expressed black pattern than in tianschanicus.
    Distribution. Lives in Tran-Irtysh area near Semipalatinsk, South-West Altai and Saur ridge.

Picoides tridactylus tianschanicus (Buturlin, 1907)

    Description. Darker than tridactylus. White on mantle is less developed than in tridactylus. Black ‘moustache’, black streaks on breast-flanks and black cross-pattern on belly-flanks are more expressed than tridactylus; outer tail feathers have more expressed white pattern than in tridactylus.
    Distribution. Lives in Tien Shan and Dzhungar Alatau.


"Птицы Казахстана" том 3. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1970. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005.



Picoides tridactylus tridactylus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
information gallery
Picoides tridactylus tianschanicus
(Buturlin, 1907)
information gallery

go to family:


in other projects

Birds of Siberia

information gallery
Birds of Xinjiang

information gallery
Birds of Ukraine

information gallery
Birds of Europaean part of Russia

information gallery
Birds of Far East Russia

information gallery

Big Year 2018

supported by

1. Askar Isabekov (81)
2. Andrey Vilyayev (55)
3. Boris Gubin (49)
4. Alexandr Katuncev (44)
5. Anna Yasko (44)


unidentified birds


Сергей Л. Волков: Похоже, что птиц две. Та, что к зрителю передом, имеет черную окантовку вдоль красного на лбу и с явным коричневым оттенком пятна на груди.


Ясько Анна: Наталья, зачем удалять? Наоборот, я вынесла спорных щеглов из гибридных в неопознанные, чтобы взглянуть на них по-новому и определиться, что


Аскар Исабеков: Анна, согласен, что седоголовый, четких признаков черноголового нет.

more unidentified birds...